Pet Health & Wellness

The Benefits of Psyllium for Pets.

Metamucil for Cats & Dogs

By now, you’ve probably heard all about psyllium, although you may not know that it can be very beneficial both dogs and cats. If you haven't heard of Psyllium it is a natural fiber supplement and a prebiotic that has been shown to be beneficial for numerous health conditions in people, pets, and horses.

This bulk-forming laxative is used to absorb toxins and to relieve constipation, gas, and diarrhea in both pets and people. When mixed together with water, it swells and sticks together allowing for easy elimination of waste products and toxins.

Because psyllium is so effective in treating diarrhea in pets, it has become a popular go-to natural remedy and supplement. As a nutraceutical, it offers a large amount of natural antioxidants and essential sulphur-rich amino acids as recommended by the FAO for good health.

Psyllium Research

A 2016 study from Frontiers in Plant Science adds that “Psyllium contains phenolics and flavonoids that possess reducing capacity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging activities. In leaves, seeds, and husks, about 76, 78, 58% polyunsaturated, 21, 15, 20% saturated, and 3, 7, 22% monounsaturated fatty acids were found, respectively,” via NCBI “This study reveals that psyllium (P. ovata Forsk) contains nutritional antioxidants, flavonoids, PUFAs, including essential fatty acids (ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids), sulfur-rich and essential amino acids, and metabolites with bioactivities, which make it a promising candidate for use in the nutraceutical industry. Additionally, psyllium leaves can be used as a green salad together with daily food as a dietary supplement.”

A recent study adds that “psyllium husk mucilage has activities in intestinal regulation, preventing constipation, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, reducing glucose in the post-prandial period and lowering cholesterol.” 

An additional study adds that psyllium is both a therapeutic and drug delivery agent. “Dietary fibers from psyllium have been used extensively both as pharmacological supplements, food ingredients, in processed food to aid weight control, to regulation of glucose control for diabetic patients and reducing serum lipid levels in hyperlipidemics,” via NCBI. The study goes on to add the pharmacological importance of psyllium polysaccharide and its gel-forming nature, and adds that it’s beneficial for the treatment of the following conditions:

  • Constipation 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Inflammatory bowel disease-ulcerative colitis 
  • Colon cancer 
  • Diabetes and hypercholesterolemia

Psyllium has also been shown to increase moisture and bile acid secretion in rats. It helps to regulate triglycerides and blood sugar levels in pets and people. Psyllium has also been demonstrated to help with chronic irritable bowel syndrome (IBM). 

Where Does It Come from?

Psyllium comes from the Plantago plant. This shrublike herb can have as many as 15,000 gel-coated seeds. It comes in the form of psyllium husks, with each seed encased in a husk. The seed coating contains a rich substance called hemicellulose mucilage. This helps to absorb water as it swells in the intestine.

What Does It Do?

Psyllium has great cleansing ability, and is beneficial in gently removing toxins and waste from the body. It helps with constipation and diarrhea in pets and people. Psyllium is thought to promote peristalsis and slow intestinal transit in pets and people because it increases bulk of all intestinal contents. In short, psyllium does the following:

  • Increases stool size
  • Relieves constipation
  • Treats diarrhea
  • May lower blood sugar levels
  • Improves gut health in pets and people
  • Helps with weight loss
  • May lower cholesterol

How to Use It?

When psyllium and water interact, the psyllium swells up and helps to moves waste and toxins through the intestines. Psyllium is not absorbed through the intestine, and takes from 12 to 72 –hours to have an effect. 

Best Way to Use it.

Mix 1/4 to 1 tsp. psyllium seeds with a cup of water and mix together with your pet food. As usual, it best to start off with smaller doses, and slowly work your way up. In this way, you’ll find the right dosage for your pet. 

That said, a veterinary consult always works best, so that you can discuss your pets’ health and current medications to make sure that psyllium is the right supplement to use on your pet.

Using the correct dosage is important, and age, health, and weight need to be considered for an effective and safe dosage. It’s effective to use in all commercial pet food diets if the pet food formula lacks sufficient fiber.

Precautions.

Since psyllium is an over-the-counter fiber supplement, it’s best used after a consult with your veterinarian. This is because it interacts with numerous drugs, and also may be contraindicated for pets with certain diseases like kidney disease. 

Psyllium may result in the lack of effectiveness of the medication being used. It also should not be used on dogs that have intestinal perforations or obstructions. Psyllium may cause gassiness. Lots of water needs to be provided with psyllium, and alongside it since it may result in an esophagus blockage problem.

Summary

Psyllium is a beneficial source of dietary supplementation that has important antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Any psyllium-based pet supplements need to go hand in hand with access to plenty of fresh drinking water. Encourage your pet to drink plenty of water in order to stay hydrated while on psyllium.

Keep your pet physically healthy, but also check up on their emotional health. Here are ways to tell if your dog has anxiety and what to do about them.

Resources

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0182948
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17329047
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12221223
https://www.petmd.com/cat/care/cat-diarrhea-5-treatment-options-you-should-try

As always, work with a veterinarian when implementing any supplement regimen for your pet. If you need help with routine care visits, explore how ODIE Pet Insurance can help.

Author

Claudia Bensimoun is a freelance journalist in W.P who specializes in veterinary & pharmaceutical digital content. She's also a longtime contributor to The United States Dog Agility Association (USDAA), Animal Wellness, and Fido Friendly magazine.

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